PCL Injury: Orthopedic Treatment In Plano

by Administrator 27. November 2015 12:03

Like Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL), the Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) is an important ligament in the back of the knee. The primary function of PCL ligament is to stabilize the knee and prevent it from moving backwards, particularly when the knee is bent. Injuries to PCL are not as frequent as ACL injuries, but if they occur, treatment should be sought immediately. The ligament can get sprained due to trauma or injuries such as falling on a bent knee. PCL injury can be classified into different grades depending on the severity of the condition.

  • Grade I: It may be defined as a minor injury characterized by microscopic tears. The injury usually does not affect the weight bearing ability of the knee. It often heals within a few days.
  • Grade II: Grade II PCL injury is a partial tear that makes the knee unstable. The knee may tend to give out while walking and standing. The injury can be treated non-surgically.
  • Grade III: In this, the PCL is completely torn or separated from the bone. The knee becomes unstable and many other surrounding ligaments are injured along with PCL.

Causes

  • Sudden stretching of the ligament
  • Twisting of knee
  • Powerful blow or impact to the bent knee
  • Hyperextending the knee
  • Landing on the flexed knee
  • Shifting weight from one leg to the other
  • Stopping suddenly while running
  • Trauma or hitting the dashboard during car accident

Symptoms

  • Pain
  • Swelling and stiffness
  • Inability to walk and climb stairs
  • Popping sensation
  • Pain on putting weight on the knee
  • Unstable knee

Diagnosis

An orthopedic physician may physically examine your knee and ask certain questions related to the injury. He may check the knee movement and recommend some imaging tests to know the extent of damage caused to the ligament.

Treatment

The orthopedic physician may suggest you to rest your knee and discontinue any activity that puts stress on the knee. He may recommend you to keep the affected knee elevated and gently compressed to promote healing. The physician may also suggest you to use crutches to avoid putting weight on the knee muscles. To get relief from pain and inflammation, you may use ice packs at regular intervals.

The physician may prescribe certain anti-inflammatory medicines to provide relief from pain and swelling. If these options do not ease the symptoms or the injury is severe, surgery may be recommended to reconstruct the torn ligaments. Post-surgery, you may be referred to a physiotherapist who will help you recover from the injury by suggesting some stretching and strengthening exercises.

For diagnosis and treatment of PCL injury, visit Dr. Kouyoumjian. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeon in Frisco, TX, you can call at (214) 618 – 5502.

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