Knee Osteoarthritis: Treatment In Plano, TX

by Administrator 27. March 2017 08:39

Osteoarthritis, also referred to as Degenerative Arthritis, is a chronic medical condition that usually affects knee, hip, neck, lower back, small joints of the fingers, bases of the thumb and big toe. Knee Osteoarthritis is condition in which the cartilage acting a cushion between bones (femur, tibia and patella) wears away, leading to pain and inflammation in the knee joint. As the disease progresses, bones start to break and form spurs (extra growth of bones). Production of cytokines in the body further damages the cartilage and worsens the condition. According to orthopedic surgeons, in its final stages the bones start to rub against each other, leading to excruciating pain and very limited range of motion of the knee.

Causes

  • Growing age - It decreases the healing ability of cartilage
  • Excess weight - It puts more pressure on the knees
  • Hereditary - If someone in the family is already affected
  • Women above the age of 55 are more prone to developing the condition
  • Occupations that require a lot of kneeling, squatting, or lifting heavy weights
  • Excessive running or jumping
  • Medical conditions such as excess of growth hormones, Rheumatoid Arthritis etc.

Symptoms

  • Pain while walking or standing
  • Swelling
  • Feeling of warmth in the joint
  • Stiffness, particularly in the morning
  • Difficulty while sitting or standing
  • Cracking sound while moving the knee

Treatment

The orthopedic doctor may suggest non-conventional methods to alleviate symptoms and provide relief to the patients. He may prescribe anti-inflammatory and pain relieving medicines. Braces may also be suggested to immobilize the joint and speed up the healing process. Certain muscle strengthening exercises may help to restore functioning of the knee joint.

In severe cases, a knee surgery may be recommended. There are three major type of surgical procedures that can help to relieve the symptoms –

  • Arthroscopy - A small camera is inserted into the knee joint by making a small incision. The surgeon may remove the damaged cartilage, clean the bone surface and repair the tissues with the help of metal screws or plates.
  • Osteotomy- The orthopedic surgeon improves knee’s alignment by changing shape of the bones.
  • Arthroplasty - Also known as joint replacement, this surgery may be recommended to aged people, whose joints have completely deteriorated. The procedure involves substituting the joints with artificial parts made from metals or plastic.

If you are looking for a knee surgeon in Frisco, TX, contact, Dr. Kouyoumjian. He is a board certified orthopedic sports surgeon and joint replacement specialist. To book an appointment, call at (972) 985 – 1072 or visit 4031 West Plano Parkway Suite 100, Plano, TX 75093.

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