Knee Injuries And Treatment

by Administrator 24. July 2015 07:05

Knee is a complex joint that allows the movement of the leg. As the knee supports the body weight and assists in movement, it is susceptible to injuries and pain. The knee joint can suffer injuries due to overuse, wear and tear, ageing, falls, trauma and other medical conditions. Knee injuries are common among sports persons and people who perform repetitive squatting and bending in routine activities.

Some of the common knee injuries are:

  • Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: The front of the knee or back of the kneecap can be affected by this overuse injury. Commonly known as Runner’s Knee, this condition occurs due to weak muscles, abnormal limb alignment, tight muscles or overuse trauma from physical training. The treatment includes proper rest and avoiding activity, sport or exercise that puts pressure on the knee. The orthopedic doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medications and soft braces to relieve pain and swelling.
  • Bursitis: This condition is caused when the Bursa, a sac that produces joint fluid, is inflamed or injured. It can be treated with ice compresses, anti-inflammatory medications and in severe cases surgical removal of the infected fluid.
  • Patellar Tendonitis: This injury, also known as Jumper’s Knee, causes the patellar tendons and quadriceps, which help in straightening the knees, to weaken. The condition causes pain while performing activities such as jumping, running, squatting, stair climbing etc. Rest from strenuous activities, wearing knee support and anti-inflammatory medication can be prescribed for treatment of the condition.
  • Muscle Strain: This injury affects the quadriceps and hamstring muscles responsible for straightening and bending the knee. Athletes, who play contact sports such as basketball, soccer, softball, etc., are more susceptible to muscle strains. The doctor may recommend rest, R.I.C.E therapy and medication to ease the symptoms.
  • Meniscus Tear: The meniscus is a cartilage in the knee joint that acts as a cushion between the thigh and shinbone. Any trauma, sudden twisting or high impact on the knee can lead to Meniscus Tear, which is quite painful. R.I.C.E therapy, anti-inflammatory medications and in severe cases surgery, can be prescribed to treat a Meniscus Tear.

For any knee injury diagnosis and treatment in Plano, TX, you can visit Dr. Kouyoumjian. To schedule an appointment with the knee surgeon, call at (972) 985 - 1072.

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