Iliotibial Band Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

by Administrator 24. April 2017 11:07

Iliotibial Band Syndrome refers to a condition in which the Iliotibial band (a thick band of fibers responsible for knee’s flexion and extension movements) gets inflamed and leads to excruciating pain in the outside of the joint. The condition is generally caused by overuse of muscles and is commonly seen in runners.

Causes

  • Poor training habits
  • Alignment issues in the legs
  • Improper posture while riding a bike
  • Weight lifting
  • Excessive squatting
  • Abnormal pelvic tilt

Symptoms

  • Affliction on the lateral side of the knee
  • Sensation of stringing or needle like pricks at the affected area
  • Popping or snapping sound in the knee
  • Swelling
  • Pain radiating from knee to the hip

Diagnosis

To diagnose the potential cause of lateral knee pain, the knee doctor may conduct a thorough physical examination of leg, knee, hip and ankle. He may also ask the patient to get some imaging tests like X-ray and MRI. These tests may help to visualize the damaged tissues, ligaments or bones and evaluate the actual cause of condition.

Treatment

Non-Surgical Treatment –

  • Rest - The doctor may advise the patient to take rest for few days, so that the scar tissues can help damaged muscles to heal and reconnect.
  • Icing – In order to reduce inflammation from the affected area icing may be recommended. Applying ice after every 15 -20 minutes helps to improve blood circulation in the body. This leads to an increased blood flow to the damaged area and speeds up the recovery process.
  • Compression – Keeping the injured area wrapped in a bandage may be suggested to reduce swelling and inflammation.
  • Elevation – Patients may also be advised to keep the wounded leg elevated so that no interstitial fluid deposit takes place. It is also suggested to alleviate swelling from knee.
  • Exercises – Various stretching and strengthening exercises may be suggested for restoring the movement of the joint.
  • Medication – Painkillers and anti-inflammatory medicines may be suggested to reduce pain.
  • Training Modification- The doctor may recommend patients to make some changes in their training routine as well. This would include not running on the same side of the road for a prolonged time, no walking downhill and avoiding strenuous exercises for some time. 

Surgical Treatment

Arthroscopy - The orthopedic surgeon may insert a small camera into the affected area to have a clear picture of the injury. He may then make a resection and cut a triangular shaped tissue, this will make more room for the bone to glide and eliminate the symptoms.

For treatment of Iliotibial Band Syndrome and any other knee related injury, contact Dr. Kouyoumjian. To request an appointment with the orthopedic surgeon in Plano, TX, call at (972) 985 – 1072.

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