Orthopedic Treatment For Tibia Fracture

by Administrator 22. September 2014 10:37

Tibia fracture is a common musculoskeletal problem that is quite painful and affects the lower portion of the leg. The Tibia is one of the leg bones that support the entire body weight and any forceful impact leads to fracture in the bone and affects the movement. The tibia may take a long time to recover.

Causes

  • High impact collisions
  • Motor accidents
  • Falling from height
  • Sports injuries
  • Twisting of bone
  • Hard blows

Symptoms

  • Mild to severe pain
  • Bruising
  • Swelling, tenderness, and inflammation
  • Unable to put weight on the fractured leg
  • Inability to walk or limping
  • Loss of feeling in the foot

Diagnosis

It is crucial to consult an orthopedic surgeon when one feels severe pain. The physician will ask the patient about the circumstances that led to the injury and he may also ask about any other injuries or health issues. The medical history of the patient helps the doctor decide the line of treatment. The physician will clinically examine the injury, check the muscle strength, sensitivity and assess the damage including swelling, breaks in the skin, bruises and instability. To confirm fracture, the physician can recommend some imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scan, etc as these tests help in determining the extent of damage.

Treatment

Based on the cause of injury, severity, health and the lifestyle, the orthopedic physician offers non- surgical or surgical treatment. During non-surgical treatment, the orthopedic physicians use splint to offer support to the tibia. The splint can be easily loosened or tightened and this helps in adjustment. Once the swelling subsides, the physician resumes with a variety of treatments. The physician can also put a cast to immobilize the fracture as this helps in healing. Once the patient starts showing improvement, the cast is replaced by a functional brace, which can be easily removed if needed. For an open fracture, the orthopedic surgeon can suggest surgical treatment. During a special surgery, a metal rod is inserted into the bone and screwed to keep the fracture in position and it helps in fixation of bone.

The patient may require a long time to recover and patients who are not healthy or have some additional health issues may take more time to completely recover from the injury. The physician usually recommends physical therapy during recovery to strengthen the muscles. In addition, the patient may require crutches or walker to walk during the healing period.

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