Shoulder Instability: Orthopedic Treatment In Plano

by Administrator 21. November 2014 04:24

Shoulder joint is a major joint of the human body that is responsible for the movement of arm and helps in lifting the arm, reaching over the head and rotating the arm. Shoulder Instability is the condition that arises when the upper arm bone (Humerus) moves out of the shoulder socket (Glenoid) due to a sudden force or impact. With overuse the strong tendons and muscles that hold the shoulder blade in the socket tear and loosen.

Causes

  • Trauma or severe injury
  • Tearing of the ligaments in shoulder joint
  • Repeated overhead use due to sports such as volley ball, tennis, swimming or athletic activities
  • Repeated strain
  • Multi-directional instability
  • Fall onto the top of the shoulder
  • Torn transverse humorous ligament
  • Repeated throwing activity

Symptoms

  • Pain in upper arm and shoulder
  • Repeated shoulder dislocation
  • Inflammation
  • Swelling
  • Popping or clicking sound in the shoulder
  • Shoulder weakness
  • Decreased motion
  • Sensation of shoulder feeling loose

Diagnosis

The orthopedic physician examines the shoulder by moving the arm. The doctor assesses instability in the shoulder by doing some tests that check looseness in the ligaments. The doctor also asks the patient about his medical history and suggests imaging tests to confirm the diagnosis and identify the extent of the problem. X-ray images show the bones and the extent of damage whereas other imaging tests including MRI and CT Scan can be prescribed.

Treatment

The shoulder instability is treated both non-surgically and surgically depending upon the extent of damage to the shoulder. The physician uses non-surgical methods to offer relief to the patient from pain and inflammation. The physician suggests some changes in the lifestyle and modifications in the activities but it may take a few months before the treatment starts showing results. To offer relief from inflammation, the physician prescribes some anti-inflammatory medicines. They also suggest physical therapy to strengthen the muscles and increase the stability of the shoulder. The therapist designs a specific program to suit the needs of the patient.

If the non-surgical methods do not work, then the orthopedic physician can suggest surgery, which is necessary to repair stretched and torn ligaments. The surgeon uses anchors and sutures to re-attach the ligaments to the bones. The surgeon repairs the ligaments by using small incisions and instruments by way of a minimum invasive surgery which is performed on an outpatient basis. In severe cases, the surgeon may go for an open surgery that involves making a large incision.

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