Shoulder Joint Replacement: Plano, TX

by Administrator 19. June 2015 05:00

Shoulder joint replacement also known as Shoulder Joint Arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure involving the replacement of the parts of the joint with artificial ones. It is recommended for patients who experience joint dysfunction for a prolonged period of time. The surgery is helpful in relieving pain and increasing the range of motion of the joint.

Procedure

The orthopedic surgeon makes an incision on the shoulder to remove the head of the humerus. He then widens the tube of the humerus to make it ready for the prosthesis. The glenoid cavity is similarly prepared and bone cement is applied to the parts which are to receive prosthesis. The artificial parts are inserted and the incision is sealed back.

Shoulder joint replacement may be required in case of certain health conditions which cause severe damage to the joint. These conditions can be as follows:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Osteonecrosis
  • Shoulder Arthritis
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Severe fractures
  • Recurrent Shoulder Instability

Types Of Shoulder Replacement

There are different types of shoulder replacement surgeries on the basis of different parts that have to be replaced. Some of these are:

  • Hemiarthroplasty: This surgery involves replacing the humerus with a prosthetic metal implant. It is mostly recommended for fractures.
  • Shoulder Resurfacing: It is the surgery where a smaller part of the bone has to be removed. A metal cap is fitted over the ball part of the joint during the procedure of this surgery.
  • Total Arthroplasty: This surgery is where both the upper arm ball and shoulder blade socket are replaced with prosthesis.
  • Reverse Anatomy Arthroplasty: This kind of surgery includes fitting the artificial socket part to the humerus and the ball part to the shoulder blade. It is used in severe cases of Arthritis.

Advantages

Shoulder replacement surgery can be helpful in the following ways:

  • Pain: It can be helpful for patients suffering from persistent pain due to an injury or other degenerative shoulder condition.
  • Movement: People who suffer from health conditions where the movement of the joint is restricted, shoulder replacement surgery can be helpful in improving the range of motion of the shoulder.
  • Strength: This surgery is helpful in restoring the strength in the joint which may be decreased due to some health problem. People, who could not get involved in sports activities due to their shoulder conditions, can play sports with less stress and fatigue in the joint.

It takes a few months to recover after a shoulder joint replacement. The patient may be recommended to undergo rehabilitation process to gain complete motion in the operated joint.

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