PCL Injury: Orthopedic Treatment In Plano

by Administrator 27. November 2015 12:03

Like Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL), the Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) is an important ligament in the back of the knee. The primary function of PCL ligament is to stabilize the knee and prevent it from moving backwards, particularly when the knee is bent. Injuries to PCL are not as frequent as ACL injuries, but if they occur, treatment should be sought immediately. The ligament can get sprained due to trauma or injuries such as falling on a bent knee. PCL injury can be classified into different grades depending on the severity of the condition.

  • Grade I: It may be defined as a minor injury characterized by microscopic tears. The injury usually does not affect the weight bearing ability of the knee. It often heals within a few days.
  • Grade II: Grade II PCL injury is a partial tear that makes the knee unstable. The knee may tend to give out while walking and standing. The injury can be treated non-surgically.
  • Grade III: In this, the PCL is completely torn or separated from the bone. The knee becomes unstable and many other surrounding ligaments are injured along with PCL.

Causes

  • Sudden stretching of the ligament
  • Twisting of knee
  • Powerful blow or impact to the bent knee
  • Hyperextending the knee
  • Landing on the flexed knee
  • Shifting weight from one leg to the other
  • Stopping suddenly while running
  • Trauma or hitting the dashboard during car accident

Symptoms

  • Pain
  • Swelling and stiffness
  • Inability to walk and climb stairs
  • Popping sensation
  • Pain on putting weight on the knee
  • Unstable knee

Diagnosis

An orthopedic physician may physically examine your knee and ask certain questions related to the injury. He may check the knee movement and recommend some imaging tests to know the extent of damage caused to the ligament.

Treatment

The orthopedic physician may suggest you to rest your knee and discontinue any activity that puts stress on the knee. He may recommend you to keep the affected knee elevated and gently compressed to promote healing. The physician may also suggest you to use crutches to avoid putting weight on the knee muscles. To get relief from pain and inflammation, you may use ice packs at regular intervals.

The physician may prescribe certain anti-inflammatory medicines to provide relief from pain and swelling. If these options do not ease the symptoms or the injury is severe, surgery may be recommended to reconstruct the torn ligaments. Post-surgery, you may be referred to a physiotherapist who will help you recover from the injury by suggesting some stretching and strengthening exercises.

For diagnosis and treatment of PCL injury, visit Dr. Kouyoumjian. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeon in Frisco, TX, you can call at (214) 618 – 5502.

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Knee Injury Prevention Tips: Orthopedic Plano

by Administrator 11. April 2015 07:24

Activities like walking, climbing stairs, jumping, exercising and repeated motion, put a lot of pressure on the knee and can often lead to knee injury. Knee joints have many ligaments, bones, cartilages, which are susceptible to injuries. Such injuries are quite common among athletes who regularly run, jump or undergo extensive training.

Here are some tips to prevent knee injuries.

  • Warm up: Before doing any exercise or athletic activity, it is essential to do a warm up session, which will prepare the muscles.
  • Do stretching exercises: Make sure you stretch daily to gain flexibility. Do hamstring stretch, thigh stretch, calf stretch and outer thigh stretch after warming up the muscles.
  • Strengthening exercises: Strengthen hamstring and thigh muscles to create a balance. By strengthening the hip muscles, you can avoid stress on the knee joint. 
  • Use proper exercising techniques: Exercising and weight bearing activities such as walking help you strengthen your knees and core muscles. However, make sure you use proper exercising techniques to avoid injuries. Wear knee braces during workout to keep your knees safe. Also, make sure you use exercise equipment that is appropriate for your size and strength.
  • Maintain healthy weight: Extra weight puts undue pressure on the knee, so make sure you maintain a healthy weight. For this, eat healthy and nutritious diet and exercise in routine. Include plenty of minerals, vitamins, calcium, etc., in your diet.
  • Wear proper shoes: To avoid slipping and skidding, wear footwear with good arch support and thick soles. Make sure you replace your running sneakers after two-three months or every 500 miles. Avoid wearing high heels, as heels cause misalignment of the hips and legs leading to instability of knees. You should rather wear flat or low-heeled shoes.
  • Avoid carrying heavy load: To avoid straining your knee joint, avoid carrying heavy weight.
  • Avoid repetitive activity: If you do any repetitive activities involving your knees, then try to limit the activities to ensure there is no excessive pressure on the joint.
  • Land appropriately: Often athletes injure their knee by landing wrongly after jumping or while running. To avoid this injury, make sure you lean forward from your ankles and land on the midfoot. In addition, keep your knees bent and soft while landing to avoid any strain. 
  • Do not ignore the knee pain: If you experience knee pain or find it difficult to stand, then do not ignore it. Take rest and use ice packs to get relief from muscle soreness. If the pain persists, then you must consult an orthopedic doctor

For knee injury treatment in Plano, TX, visit Dr. Adam L. Kouyoumjian. To schedule an appointment with the knee surgeon, call at (972) 985 - 1072.

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