Knee Joint Replacement In Plano, TX

by Administrator 19. March 2015 06:28

Knee pain is a common problem often experienced by elderly people, especially women. Knee Joint Replacement is a surgical procedure that is performed to replace a damaged, diseased or worn out knee. The surgery, which is also known as Knee Arthroplasty, helps in offering relief from pain, stiffness and restores functionality in the knee. The joint is surgically constructed and degenerated joints are replaced with artificial parts. The replacement lasts for 15 to 20 years and the surgery dramatically reduces the knee pain while improving the ability to walk and perform routine activities. Depending upon the damage to the knee, the surgeon can recommend either total knee replacement or partial knee replacement.

When is Knee Joint Replacement needed?

The surgery can be prescribed to anyone who has torn the joint and is unable to perform day-to-day activities. The type of surgery performed depends upon the degree of disability and severity of pain. If the condition does not improve with non-surgical treatment and the pain interferes with the quality of life then surgery becomes necessary.

Usually surgery is needed if the patient has

  • Severe, continuous knee pain
  • Stiffness
  • Chronic knee inflammation
  • Knee deformity
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Post-traumatic arthritis
  • Knee injury

Knee Joint Replacement Procedure

During the surgery, the orthopedic surgeon makes an incision over the knee, removes the damaged knee joint and replaces it with the artificial joint. The three bones involved in the procedure include patella, femur and tibia. These bones are prepared by cutting them for the prosthesis, which is made of metal and plastic parts. The bones are fastened with bone cement. The procedure lasts around two hours and it is performed under general anesthesia. The patient is discharged in a few days and after proper rehabilitation, he or she can resume the routine activities.

Rehabilitation

After surgery, the patient needs to follow proper rehabilitation program, which is designed by the physiotherapist to meet your needs. The therapist assists and instructs the patient about the exercises that help him regain the strength and flexibility of the knee. The therapists can also use a continuous passive motion machine, which is attached to the operated leg. This machine moves the knee to different degrees of range of motion and helps improve the flexibility and blood circulation. The patient is also encouraged to walk using crutches in order to not put stress on the knee.

For knee joint replacement surgery in Plano, TX, contact Dr. Kouyoumjian. to schedule an appointment with the surgeon, call (972) 985 -1072.

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